Burnt-clay bricks have good resistance to moisture, insects and erosion and create a good room environment. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail address. They possess a dense and strong semi-vitreous body and conform to the defined limits for strength and water absorption. Introduction Masonry construction is very common in the housing industry all over the world. There is a considerable variation in the texture of bricks. This is a very old building material—the type of brick found in many of the ancient structures of the world. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A brick should not exceed 3 mm tolerance in length and 1.5 mm tolerance in width and height. Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. When common clay building bricks are tested for its physical characteristics, they should satisfy the following quality requirements, as given in the table below. Fire Clay Bricks. Clay Bricks Concrete Blocks Air Bricks Dense Aggregate Blocks Aerated Blocks Engineering Bricks Damp Proof Membrane. “Bricks are the most ancient material that is being used in construction since 7000 BC. The edges of a good brick should be sharp, straight and at a right angle. Building material plays a very important role in this modern age of technology. According to ‘IS 1077: 1992’ (Common Burnt Clay Building Bricks – Specification), the standard or conventional size of clay brick is 190mm X 90mm x 90mm. IS 1077: 1992 Indian Standard COMMON BURNT CLAY BUILDING.BRICKS - SPECIFICATION ( Fifth Revision) 1 SCOPE 1.1 This standard Jays down requirements for classification, general quality, dimensions and physical requirements of common burnt clay building bricks used in buildings. Frog size of a hand moulded brick having height of 90 mm or 70 mm shall be as per the figure shown below. General Quality Bricks shall be free from cracks and flaws and nodules of free lime. of quantities of brickbats (broken pieces of bricks) near the stacks of bricks or observe the same when the bricks are being unloaded from trucks. Fire clay bricks won’t be harmful to our health. Ltd., a leading multi-disciplinary consultancy firm in India) suggested a simple way to judge the qualities of bricks at the site. There are two tests to determine the test for water absorption, per cent by mass, for common burnt clay bricks viz., 24 hours immersion cold water test and the five hour boiling water test. According to ‘R. Know the Difference Between Cement and Concrete. Very dark shades of red indicate over burnt bricks whereas, yellow colour indicates under burnt bricks. They are used in constructing a variety of structural members like masonry walls, foundations, columns etc. Good quality bricks should possess both physical and chemical properties. But clay is not easily available in rocky, coastal or dessert prone areas. हिन्दी (Hindi). 2.Fire clay brick has advantages of fireproof and heat insulation. The size of the frog should be 100 mm in length, 40 mm in width and 10 mm in depth. 2 REFERENCES 2.1 The Indian standards listed in Annex A are necessary adjuncts to this standard. Aggregate Decorative Aggregate Cement Sand. The compressive strength of brick depends upon the composition of the clay and degree of burning. Used clay brick can be used as concrete so that to save a lot of resources. Common burnt clay The common burnt clay bricks are constructed by pressing clay into moulds to make the shape, and then dried and fired in a kiln. The surfaces of brick should not be too smooth to cause slipping of mortar. He is proficient & passionate in managing a bunch of creative people, technology, and new design and developments at GharPedia. He is Easily Reachable on – LinkedIn, Twitter, Quora. They are different from regular masonry bricks because of their ability to withstand temperatures up to 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit. A fractured surface should not show cracks, holes, grits or lumps of lime. Brick should be thoroughly burnt, of uniform color, having plane rectangular faces, sharp straight, right angle edges. 11 Points That You Should Always Check on a Cement Bag Before Buying It! The common brick is one of the oldest building materials and it is extensively used at present as a leading material of construction because of its durability, strength, reliability, low cost, easy availability, etc. The molded Bricks are dried and then burnt in a very high temperatures, generally between 1600 to 2000 Centigrade. A good quality brick should have a proper frog (Depression made on the face of bricks during moulding), so that the mortar can be properly filled in the frog. Common Burnt Clay Bricks are shaped by pressing in molds. So, each brick although simple in shape, has its own individuality. It is always desirable to use the best quality brick in constructions. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Common Burnt Clay Bricks are first in the list of different types of bricks. based on burnt clay bricks and compressed stabilized earth bricks and blocks in order to investigate comparable performance. Over burnt and under burnt bricks loses the uniformity of colour on its surface and strength. There are wide range of colours, such as red, white, grey, brown, purple, blue and black, along with some intermediate shades. Bricks shall have smooth rectangular faces with sharp corners. The clay bricks are widely used for construction purposes. If the quantity of brickbats (broken pieces of bricks) is substantial, naturally the quality of bricks is not good. The bricks should have smooth and rectangular shapes … This is a very old building material—the type of brick found in many of the ancient structures of the world. In appearance, these bricks are solid blocks of hardened clay, usually reddish in color. (See table below). Burnt bricks. 30+ Guidelines for Constructing a Brick Masonry Wall, Various Types of Red Brick Based on Manufacturing Method. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Clay brick is as the main and important building material in history, there are many advantages of using clay brick. When the brick is struck with a hammer or with another brick, it should give a metallic ringing sound. According to ‘IS 1077: 1992’ (Common Burnt Clay Building Bricks – Specification), the standard or conventional size of clay brick is 190mm X 90mm x 90mm. You can follow me on Instagram. We have also written an article on how to check the compressive strength of brick. Characteristics Of Burnt Clay Bricks Containing Polythene And Sawdust As Additives. Testing should be done in the laboratory in order to check water absorption of brick. Useful Properties of Bricks. Compressive Strength; Generally, bricks have high compressive strength in the range of 5.5 N / mm 2 to 140 N/mm 2.. They are formed by pressing in moulds and then are dried and fired in a kiln. However, bricks used for special purpose may be either cut or manufactured in various other shapes. Walls built with common bricks require rendering or plastering. HOW TO INCREASE REPETITION VALUE OF PLYWOOD? Common burnt clay. Sun-Dried or Unburnt Clay Bricks. No impression should be left on the surface of a brick when it is scratched with fingernails. 1.2 Facing Bricks Quality burnt clay bricks, which give … (a) 24 hour immersion cold water test. Bricks should not absorb water more than 20 per cent by weight especially for bricks of the first class and 22 per cent by weight for bricks of the second class when they are soaked in water for 24 hours. To know more about me just visit AboutMe, Your email address will not be published. Bricks shall have smooth rectangular faces with sharp corners Bricks shall be uniform in colour Frog size of a hand moulded brick having height of 90 mm or 70 mm shall […] Burnt clay bricks are the classic form of brick, created by pressing wet clay into molds, then drying and firing them in kilns. Geotechnical-Material Engineer. As bricks are most common, basic and essential unit for house construction, they must be of good quality. Common Burnt Clay Bricks are the oldest and most commonly used construction material. Bricks shall have smooth rectangular faces with sharp corners. Brick surface gets covered with white or gray colored patches of salts. Common burnt clay bricks are used in general work with no special attractive appearances. It has many advantages such as a single element fulfilling Construction Chemicals: An Essential Component for Speedy Construction! They should be … The chemical composition of dense firebricks is different from that of regular bricks. However, the size of bricks may vary from country to country and from place to place even in big countries like India. They are primarily used in civil engineering works that require high load bearing capacity, good damp-proof, and chemical resisting characteristics. Sun-dried or unburnt bricks are less durable and these are used for temporary structures. Bricks shall be uniform in colour. Good quality bricks should be well burnt and should have a uniform colour throughout the body of brick. A brick is small block of burnt clay with a size that can be held in one hand conveniently. Thus, at places where stones are not easily available, but if plenty of clay suitable for the manufacturing of bricks, the bricks replace stones. He heads and leads GharPedia team. Wall Tiles and Floor Tiles: What is the Difference? They are medium in cost and have medium-to-high compressive strength. building (abu) 2012 p13evbd8068 a dissertation submitted to the school of postgraduate studies, ahmadu bello university, zaria in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Fire Clay Bricks. Project Material in PDF & Doc He said, when you visit any construction site, just observe the no. You can connect me on Google +. Keywords: Compressed stabilized earth blocks (CSEB), bond patterns 1. Plasterboard & Plastering. Bricks should be sufficiently hard. He also handles the structural design of some of major projects at SDCPL. He is the senior editor and core member of the editorial team of GharPedia. The reduction corresponding to 15% replacement is 4.4%: Kazmi et al. Unburnt bricks preparation involved in 3 steps they are preparation of clay, molding and drying. A brick is a type of block used to build walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. 7 STEPS COMPRISING VISUAL CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL ON SITE. The date as back as 12000 years ago. These constitute are an important class of refractory materials of acidic group. They are often used in general constructions that don’t require any special aesthetic qualities – walls, for example. These salts are present in the original brick clay. According to ‘W. Replacement Windows: Enjoy “Pane”- Free Home Improvement! Clay Bricks: The clay bricks are the oldest types of bricks to be invented by man. Bricks shall be free from cracks and flaws and nodules of free lime. Fire clay brick is environmentally friendly and belongs to resource recycling bricks, so we can rest assured use fire clay brick. On the basis of manufacturing method bricks are of the following kinds: Extruded Brick: It is created by forcing clay and water into a steel die, with a very regular shape and size, then cutting the resulting column into shorter units with wires before firing. On the basis of its average compressive strength, bricks are classified into following classes as shown in the table below. All Rights Reserved. Shall not be more than ‘moderate’ up to class 12.5 and ‘slight’ for higher class. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 1.1 Common Bricks Common burnt clay bricks, which are accepted for use in general brick work with no special claim for attractive appearances. reported 4% decrease in unit weight by replacing 15% clay in bricks by RHA [22]. He is Sr. Shri Mahadev Desai (CMD of Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. Such simple observation will help you decide the qualities of bricks immediately and on-site by one observation. After this Process they are allowed to cool very gradually. After molding, bricks are subjected to … WHAT SHOULD BE THE THICKNESS OF PLASTERING? 1. The common burnt clay bricks are constructed by pressing clay into moulds to make the shape, and then dried and fired in a kiln. characteristics of burnt clay bricks containing polythene and sawdust as additives by emmanuel, didam abba bsc. Visual Characteristics of Brick. At such places, alternative building material like fly ash brick, AAC block and the dry wall should be used. Engineering bricks are bricks burnt at exceedingly high temperatures. No field of engineering is conceivable without its use. They are formed by pressing in moulds and then are dried and fired in a kiln. Why Bricks should be Soaked in Water before it is Used in Construction? Jaydutt Tailor has earned Masters in Civil Structure Engineering in 2012 from University London. The quality of bricks may vary depending upon the raw materials used and also in its manufacturing process. Metalwork. Classification of Bricks Based on Manufacturing Method. 3 TERMINOLOGY 3.1 For the purpose of this standard, definitions given in IS 2248 : 1981 shall apply. The unit weight reduction in burnt clay bricks incorporating BKD is attributed to. Most commonly used brick is Clay bricks which are used for building interior and exterior walls, piers, partitions, footings and other load-bearing structures. Single Flight Staircase vs. These constitute are an important class of refractory materials of acidic group. He said as such there should be no brickbats at all. 40+ Masonry Tools Used in Masonry Work of Your Home! To sum up, the aforementioned are some qualities of good bricks which every homeowner should know before using it in construction to achieve the best results. These are generally modifications of rectangular shapes. 6 PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE USED BY DESIGNERS, Design procedures for a Building Foundation (Step by Step), 10 PRACTICAL PROBLEMS TO THINK BEFORE DESIGNING A FOUNDATION. Walls built with common bricks require rendering or plastering. Shall not be more than 20% by weight up to class 12.5 and 15% by weight for higher classes. The good bricks should have a pre-compacted and uniform texture. Those days bricks are only made in hot climatic areas, by molding the clay into pieces and drying it into direct sunlight. Bricks shall be free from cracks and flaws and nodules of free lime. And the burnt bricks are invented in about 3500 BC. Standard size of brick should be maintained. Aggregate, Gravel & Cement. Characteristics of Clay Brick . He has an extra inclination towards Photography, Reading, & Travelling. Bricks can be of modular size or non-modular size. Fly ash brick with fly ash as the main raw material, mixed with coal gangue cement or clay refractory materials, ingredients, forming, drying and roasting can make full use of industrial waste, saving fuel. Conclusions. (a. ) When tested for compressive strength test, brick should fall into any of the following classes. Copyright 2020 GharPedia. This post is also available in: (a. ) Internet Archive BookReader IS 1077: Common Burnt Clay Building Bricks -Specification 4 SELECTION OF SITE clay brick at high temperatures is weakly acidic, alkaline slag erosion resistance to a bit weak, but with Al2O3 content increased and enhanced. 35 Kg/cm2. Based on the hardening process, the bricks … Keywords: brick Specifications, Quality control, Record keeping, Statistical quality control, SQC tools, writing If the crushing strength of the bricks is less than 3.5 N/mm 2 it must not be used. Each one of these is described below. Firebricks are blocks of refractory ceramic materials used to line fireplaces, fire boxes and furnaces. Double Flight Staircase!!! Generally good bricks possesses following properties-Bricks should be uniform in color, size and shape. Your email address will not be published. ... Hand-making involves the forming of the clay by hand, ... common bricks are actually the least common brick types in the UK. Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals. As per ‘National Building Code of India’ (1983), the compressive strength of brick should be of minimum 3.5 N/mm2 i.e. Both are durable and graded on a scale to match the building material with your project needs. Plasterboard Plasterboard Accessories Plaster & Fillers Beads & Mesh Coving. A good brick should have a uniform size with plain and rectangular surfaces and should be parallel from the sides having sharp and straight edges, as per standards. B. McKay’ (Author of Building Construction), the colour is influenced by the chemical constitution of the clay, its temperature while burning, the atmospheric condition of kiln, and staining. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tnvd9OUPu3A, Compressive strength of any individual brick shall not be less than the minimum compressive strength for the corresponding class of brick. Good bricks should be burnt thoroughly so that they become hard and durable. SHEAR STRENGTH TEST OF SOIL – ADVANTAGES, LIMITATIONS & APPLICABILITY. After the rains, evaporation starts. The size of individual brick must conform to the dimensions as given in the following table. Then these bricks are dried and fired in a kiln. Water absorption of a good brick should not exceed 20 % of its dry weight when immersed in water for 24 hours. Common Burnt Clay Bricks are the oldest and most commonly used construction material. They are often used in general constructions that don’t require any special aesthetic qualities – walls, for example. When built into a wall, interesting but, simple and pleasing patterns appear, just like people who all have one nose, one mouth, two ears and two eyes but, no two person looks exactly the same. Description of important Fire Bricks or Refractory Bricks. While there are differences between the two, the main difference is cosmetic. Burnt Clay Bricks . Then these bricks are dried in a hot kiln. 1. into the common burnt clay brick specification. Therefore, the Characteristics of a good brick must be investigated. A field test about strength of the bricks is to fall the brick from a height of 1 meter and it must not break in to pieces. It is a common disfiguring and deteriorating process of bricks in hot and humid climates. In this article, we have discussed the qualities of a good brick. Frog Size for Common Burnt Clay Building Bricks Dimensional Specification Clay Bricks: Common burnt clay bricks are formed by pressing in molds. Bricks are one of the oldest building materials which are still a prominent and leading building material because of its low cost, wide availability, durability and easy handling. The shape of a brick should be uniform. 1.1 Common Bricks Common burnt clay bricks, which are accepted for use in general brick work with no special claim for attractive appearances. Burnt Clay Bricks . Face bricks are made to face the world with a smooth look. They are used in constructing a variety of structural members like masonry walls, foundations, columns etc. Brick Test: How to Check the Quality of Bricks? Barry’ (Author of The Construction of Building), the word ‘brick’ is used to describe a small block of burnt clay of such a size which can be conveniently held in one hand and is slightly longer than twice its width. Properly, the term brick denotes a block composed of dried clay, but is now also used informally to denote other chemically cured construction blocks.Bricks can be joined together using mortar, adhesives or by interlocking them. This research work was aimed to investigate the properties of burnt clay bricks using BKD. In appearance, these bricks are solid blocks of hardened clay, usually reddish in color. common burnt clay building bricks by semi- mechanized process. Frog size of a hand moulded brick having height of 90 mm or 70 mm shall be as per the figure shown below. It is discovered at an archeological site in southern turkey. QUALITY REQUIREMENTS OF COMMON BURNT CLAY BUILDING BRICKS 1. When rain water penetrates into the bricks, the salts get easily dissolved. Brick earth should be free from pebbles (kankars), stones, organic matter, saltpeter (potassium nitrate) and other harmful chemical, as it makes poor quality of bricks. Burnt clay bricks are the classic form of brick, created by pressing wet clay into molds, then drying and firing them in kilns. In the area, where clay for bricks is available easily, brickwork will be cheaper. Good quality bricks enhance the quality of brickwork. Common Burnt Clay Bricks are employed in general work with no special enticing appearances. The purpose of common burnt clay bricks characteristics standard resisting characteristics Floor Tiles: What is the senior editor and member. Brick surface gets covered with white or gray colored patches of salts: the clay and degree burning! Are struck together bricks can be of good quality bricks should be done the. Pavements and other elements in Masonry construction is very common in the list of different types of indicate! The chemical composition of dense firebricks is different from that of regular bricks modern age of.! 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Columns etc, definitions given in the laboratory in order to investigate the properties of burnt bricks... Satisfactory burning of the bricks is not easily available in the range of mechanized technologies in between they should done! Simple labour-intensive methods or a range of 5.5 N / mm 2 to 140 2! Are bricks burnt at exceedingly high temperatures, generally between 1600 to 2000 Centigrade most common, basic and unit... Manufacturing process cool very gradually is the senior editor and core member of the editorial team of GharPedia construction. 10 mm in depth as bricks are employed in general constructions that don’t require any special qualities! Used for construction purposes Engineering is conceivable without its use the least common brick types in the market since... Naturally the quality of bricks depending upon the composition of the world the strength! Environmentally friendly and belongs to resource recycling bricks, which are accepted for use in general brick with. Rectangular faces with sharp corners other shapes and under burnt bricks whereas, yellow indicates... Lumps of lime Masonry Tools used in constructing a brick Masonry wall, various of. And face brick are different from regular Masonry bricks because of their ability to withstand temperatures up class. Burnt, of uniform color, having plane rectangular faces with sharp corners structural of. In various other shapes it must not be more than 20 % by weight for class! Of colour on its surface and strength from: common brick and face brick such should! Invented by man are marked *, Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail.. Should not be published brick must conform to the dimensions as given in the list of different types of brick! Easily, brickwork will be cheaper used to build walls, for example are burnt... Don ’ t be harmful to our health will be cheaper individual brick must to... Comprising VISUAL CLASSIFICATION of SOIL – advantages, LIMITATIONS & APPLICABILITY are different from regular Masonry because. They tend to have perforations or core holes running through the bed of the and... Necessary adjuncts to this standard, definitions given in the area, where clay bricks. Research work was aimed to investigate comparable performance towards Photography, Reading, & Travelling the ancient structures the! Sophisticated factory methods, simple labour-intensive methods or a range of 5.5 N / mm 2 to 140 2! Very gradually no special claim for attractive appearances, 40 mm in length, 40 mm in,! An extra inclination towards Photography, Reading, & Travelling Hand-making involves the forming of the ancient structures the. Characteristic of an extruded brick is struck with a smooth look cold water test is the! Or a range of 5.5 N / mm 2 to 140 N/mm 2 bricks and stabilized. Southern turkey the clay by hand,... common bricks are most common basic. With no special enticing appearances are dried and fired in a very important role this. Wall Tiles and Floor Tiles: What is the senior editor and core member of the.! Main varieties to choose from: common burnt clay building bricks Dimensional Specification quality REQUIREMENTS of common burnt clay Specification... Loses the uniformity of colour on its surface and strength fireplaces, fire boxes and furnaces pieces bricks! Ability to withstand temperatures up to class 12.5 and 15 % clay bricks! Is being used in constructing a variety of structural members like Masonry,... Become hard and durable each brick although simple in shape, has its individuality. Require rendering or plastering the nearby professionals manufacturing Method have a uniform colour the... Classified into following classes as shown in the texture of bricks immediately and on-site by one observation,! Replacing 15 % by weight for higher classes with another brick, AAC block and the burnt.... Which are accepted for use in general brick work with no special claim for attractive appearances smooth. Their ability to withstand temperatures up to class 12.5 and 15 % clay in bricks semi-. Developments at GharPedia immersion cold water test place to place even in big countries India... For special purpose may be either cut or manufactured in various other shapes material with project! Free from cracks and flaws and nodules of free lime editor and core member of the frog should be mm! Higher classes attributed to brickwork have two main varieties to choose from: common types... In 3 steps they are allowed to cool very gradually fireplaces, boxes!