Very high winds mean that the Southern Ocean is choppy, with huge waves. These below-zero temperatures lead to the formation of huge icebergs which float around the ocean with some being hundreds of feet in length. The deepest point of the Southern Ocean lies 60 degrees south and 24 degrees west at the South Sandwich Trench where the depth is 23,740 feet and is one of the deepest points of any ocean in the entire world. INTERESTING FACTS ON THE SOUTHERN OCEAN !!! The Southern Ocean is also known as the Antarctic Ocean located in the Southern hemisphere that surrounds the Antarctica. Nonetheless, according to the International Hydrographic Organization, the Southern Ocean is defined as the ocean whose waters are found south of the 60-degrees-south latitude with the natural boundary being the Antarctic Convergence. Very high winds mean that the Southern Ocean is choppy, with huge waves. Ice fragments are considered small if they are not thicker than 1m/3ft. It is also known as the Austral or Antarctic Ocean. The geographical facts about Indian Ocean depict the diversity of this Ocean through 57 islands groups, 16 African countries and 18 Asian countries being connected directly through its waters. Ports: There are only a few ports in the Southern Ocean. Southern Ocean Facts: Do people live permanently on Antarctica? 1. However, the size of the Southern Ocean is not fixed as the ocean is believed to be drifting by a few inches each year. The Southern Ocean includes a continental shelf, oceanic basins farther north, narrow oceanic trenches with high reliefs (as seen in the South Sandwich Islands), as well as oceanic plateaus. The Southern Ocean is located at the southernmost point of the world's oceans, encircling Antarctica. Unbroken by any other continental landmass, the Southern Ocean’s narrowest constriction is the Drake Passage , 600 miles (about 1,000 km) wide, between South America and the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula . The Southern Ocean contains 5.4% of all the world’s ocean water. Picture Credits for Southern Ocean Facts Page: Shutterstock.com, Back from Southern Ocean Facts to General Ocean Facts for Kids, Return from Southern Ocean Facts to Kids-World-Travel-Guide Homepage. 8. Geographers divide the ocean into five major basins: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern. Parts of the ocean freeze in winter, forming huge sheets of ice. In fact, it is one of the largest in the world. The Southern Ocean Is The Fourth Largest Ocean. Share this article with your family, friends and students. The Southern Ocean was formed only 30 million years ago when South America and Antarctica separated, making it the youngest ocean. The depth of the Southern Ocean ranges between 13,000 feet and 16,000 feet. Every spring over 100 million birds nest on the rocky shores of Antarctica. The mountain Mauna Kea in Hawaii rises 33,474 feet from its base. The climatic conditions depend also on the seasons. At approximately 20.3 million square kilometers (7.8 million square miles) and about twice the size of the U.S.A., the new ocean is the world's fourth-largest (following the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian, but larger than the Arctic Ocean). The Southern Ocean occupies an area approximately 7.8 million square miles making it the fourth ... 2. Still even in summer ice-breaker ships often need to escort ships on their passage through the Antarctic waters. Captain James Cook searched for land in the Southern Ocean but never sighted Antarctica, he landed in Botany Bay/Australia in 1770 instead. It is recognized by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names as the body of water extending from the coast of Antarctica to the line of latitude at 60 degrees South. These icebergs contain huge amounts of fresh water which are estimated to provide enough freshwater for all people in the world for several months. The Southern Ocean has a volume of 71,800,000 cubic kilometers (17,225,000 cubic miles). The Southern Ocean is home to the emperor penguins and wandering albatrosses, blue whales and fur seals. The most profound point in the Southern Ocean is in the South Sandwich Trench with a profundity of more than 7,000 m 23,000 ft! The facts of the Southern Ocean Also known as the Austral Ocean or the Antarctic Ocean, the Southern Ocean has no clear boundaries despite efforts from the international community to define the boundaries. 3. Since the late 18th century, the Southern Ocean has been a subject of contention to cartographers and geographers with some accepting the existence of the Southern Ocean but some believing that the ocean is just but a southern extension of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. 6. The Southern Ocean is the coldest and windiest ocean on Earth. Despite the fact that its waters are very cold, many living creatures live here. It is covered by the 1-2 meters of ice-sheet spreading up to 4 kilometers with sea temperatures varying -2 °C to 10 °C and with the average temperatures of 2-4°C. The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean of the world and covers more than 30% of the Earth's surface.. Southern Ocean, also called Antarctic Ocean, the southern portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans and their tributary seas surrounding Antarctica. Learn about all the amazing animals in Southern Ocean. 5. The icebergs present a natural hazard to ships which sail around the Southern Ocean as a collision with a large iceberg can cause a shipwreck. Pacific Ocean. The Southern Ocean occupies an area approximately 7.8 million square miles making it the fourth largest ocean in the world behind the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and the Indian Ocean but is significantly larger than the Arctic Ocean. Read here fun and important facts about our oceans everybody should know. The belief of the existence of huge deposits of Manganese nodules in the Southern Ocean saw many mining companies express their interest in making explorations the ocean. He, however, crossed the Antarctic circle and reached as far as 71 degrees South latitude in 1773. Sir Ernest Shakelton's expedition was the first attempt to cross Antarctica on land, but they only managed to reach 88 degrees South latitude. Winter is long and lasts from April to October. The Southern Ocean is home to the emperor penguins and wandering albatrosses, blue whales and fur seals. 3. Vasco Núñez de Balboa actually named Pacific Ocean as the Southern Ocean because he approached the ocean from north. Important Facts of Southern Ocean: The Southern Ocean is additionally referred to as the Antarctic Ocean set within the hemisphere that surrounds the Antarctic continent. The Southern Ocean is the second smallest ocean—only the Arctic Ocean is smaller. Among them are Adelaide port in South Australia and Macquarie Port on Tasmania. Access to the ports is limited only to summertime and even then ice-breakers often need to escort visiting ships. The Southern Ocean is located in the southern hemisphere, south of 60 degrees South latitude. The increased solar radiation emanates from an ozone hole in Antarctica and has also led to the alteration of DNA in some fish species. Despite being located on one of the most remote regions of the earth and one of the least traveled, the Southern Ocean is still used in marine transport with ships traveling to Antarctica and therefore has several ports and harbors constructed in its shores. Read here what you definitely should know about the Southern Ocean. Many other smaller ports or larger cities are connected indirectly through navigational options of this ocean. The Southern is between 4,000m and 4,800m/12,000ft and 14,000ft deep with some deep trenches. The majority of the Southern Ocean is made up of deep waters with few areas having shallow waters. The marine mammals found in the Southern Ocean include the largest animals in the history of the world; the blue whale which is found in significant numbers around the ocean due to the abundance of Antarctic krill on which the blue whale feeds. In 1819, for the first time land was sighted south of 60 degrees South latitude. Below you can see a map showing Antarctica and the Southern Ocean surrounding it: 2. 3. It extends from the coast of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude, which is just north of the Antarctic Circle (the cold region that surrounds the South Pole). The deepest point in the Southern Ocean is in the South Sandwich Trench with a depth of over 7,000m 23,000ft! These settlements are small, with less than 100 people in winter. There are also several species of invertebrates living in the Southern Ocean, but only few species of fish. Some seal species hunt underwater and breed on land or on ice. 2. Temperature: The sea temperatures of the Southern Ocean range from -2 deg Celsius to 10 degrees Celsius/28F - 50F. Here are our Top Ten Southern Ocean Facts for Kids with lots of useful info for school projects or to get inspired for your next travels. The climatic conditions of Southern Ocean depend on the seasons. In 2000, the International Hydrographic Organization delimited the waters within the Convergence as a fifth world ocean - the Southern Ocean - by combining the southern portions of the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and Pacific Ocean. It grows up to 15m/49ft in length! The Southern Ocean formed about 30 million years ago after South America and Antarctica separated and opened up the Drake Passage making the Southern Ocean the youngest of all the world’s oceans in geological scale. Do the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean Mix? The Southern Ocean is the youngest ocean as it was formed 'only' 30 million years ago when South America and Antarctica moved apart. Southern Ocean Facts: Animals in the Southern Ocean. The average depth of the world's oceans is 12,200 feet. The average depth is about 3,200m/10,700ft. The Southern Ocean surrounds the South Pole and Antarctica, and is the only ocean that travels all the way around our planet. The Southern Ocean is the ocean surrounding Antarctica. There are no indigenous people on Antarctica. The five world oceans are the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. The normal profundity is about 3,200 m or 10,700 ft. However, climate change is noticeable also there, as in March 2015, the highest temperature recorded was 17 degC/62F! Depth: How deep is the Southern Ocean? The Southern ocean is actually a very large body of water. The Southern Ocean is a large ocean located at the southernmost part of the planet and surrounds Antarctica. They can big several hundred metres high! The Existence Of The Southern Ocean Is A Matter of Debate. The Southern Ocean’s boundaries are not clearly defined due to disagreement on its existence. The boundaries of this ocean were proposed to the International Hydrographic Organization in 2000. It is the fourth largest of the main five oceans of the world. 1. Some of the major ports include Mawson Station, the Palmer Station, and the Rothera Station. Other minerals believed to lie under the Southern Ocean are gold deposits thought to be formed by gravity separation in the sedimentary process. There are only two settlements on Antarctica, where there are people living and working all year round. 10. Some seal species hunt underwater and breed on land or on ice. Read some excellent examples here. Its wild waters surround Antarctica and isolate it geographically, biologically and climatically from the rest of the world. It is larger than the Arctic Ocean but smaller than the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Do you really know that facts about the Southern Ocean is also known as Antarctic Ocean, it’s the fourth largest ocean in the world after the Indian Ocean. During winter half of the Southern Ocean is covered in icebergs and ice. You may also like: 20 Interesting Aral Sea Facts Fascinating Indian Ocean Facts: 16-20. The name 'Pacific' come from the Latin word 'pacificus' which means peaceful. The Southern Ocean is the world’s fourth-largest ocean. The ports belong mainly to research stations, such as the Rothera Station (British research base), Palmer Station (USA), Mawson Station (Australia), but the southernmost ports in Australia are recognised also as ports of the Southern Ocean. 15. Surrounding the South Pole and Antarctica, it is the only ocean that goes all the way around the globe. 1. It’s stratified because of the fourth- largest of the 5 principal oceans within the world constituting fifteen % of the earth’s waters. 4. Every spring over 100 million birds nest on the rocky shores of Antarctica. Name: The Southern Ocean is also referred to as the Antarctic Ocean, South Polar Ocean or Austral Ocean. All rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer. Southern Ocean The Southern Ocean is the fourth largest, or second smallest of the oceans. Simply copy and past this text: Kids World Travel Guide: Southern Ocean Facts for Kids, on earth and covers only 6% of the earth’s surface, Read more on the Southern Ocean in the CIA World Fact Book, Read more about the amazing Volvo Ocean Race (the next race will be held in 2017) here, Great short video (3mins) by National Geographic about 'Exploring Antarctica', My Magic Country | Fantasy Country | Dream World | Competition 2020, Essay Competition Winners 2020 | K-W-T-G | Winning Essays | My Country, Diwali Facts for Kids | Deepavali | Festival of Lights | Traditions, ©Kids-World-Travel-Guide.com 2010-2020 | Created by Regina Gräff Then the water temperature will in general be below 0 degrees Celsius/32 Fahrenheit. According to the International Hydrographic Bureau, the Southern Ocean is the ocean whose waters lie south of the 60-degree-south latitude but other international scientific organizations such as the National Geographic Society do not recognize the existence of the Southern Ocean when issuing maps but depict the waters around Antarctica as extensions of the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans. The Southern Ocean is one of the world’s five oceans. The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica. Size: How big is the Southern Ocean? The Southern Ocean is thus 'emerging' from the waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean in latitudes south of 60 degrees South. The Southern Ocean has typical depths of between 4,000 and 5,000 meters (13,000 and 16,000 feet) over most of its extent with only … Due to the proximity of the Southern Ocean to the South Pole, the ocean experiences freezing temperatures. The ocean floor of the Southern Ocean has not been extensively explored. The Southern Ocean is regarded as the fourth-largest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean. The summer season of Southern Ocean runs from October to February while winter season falls from March to September. Only in the 19th century Antarctica was discovered and explored during various expeditions. The Southern Ocean is the world’s fourth-largest ocean. Where Is The Southern Ocean? My Magic Country, my fantasy country and my dream world were popular essay themes in our Kids World Travel Guide essay competition this year. Surrounding the South Pole and Antarctica, it is the only ocean that goes all the way around the globe. The Southern ocean cover largely around 20 million km 2. The total volume of the Southern Ocean is 17.2 million mi 3 of water. It's very cold, and it's the fourth largest ocean in the world - but there are only five oceans, so that means it's pretty small. With a northern limit at 60°S, the Southern Ocean differs from the other oceans in that its largest boundary, the northern boundary, does not abut a landmass (as it did with the first edition of Limits of Oceans and Seas). The total mass of small crustaceans and krill alone in the Southern Ocean reaches, according to scientists, 2.2 billion tons. Its coastal waters, directly washing the shores of Antarctica, freeze in winter. The Southern Ocean's lowest point is 7,235 meters (23,737 feet) below sea level in the South Sandwich Trench. Southern Ocean Facts The Southern Ocean encompasses the southernmost ocean waters of the world, also referred to as South Polar Ocean, Great Southern Ocean and the Antarctica Ocean. Three-quarters of this planet is covered by water bodies, with the biggests ones being the five oceans (the Atlantic, Pacific, Southern, Indian, and Arctic oceans). It is ranked as the fourth- largest of the five principal oceans in the world constituting 15 percent of the earth’s waters. The largest invertebrate found on our planet is the giant squid, which lives in the Southern Ocean. The low temperatures in the region, however, do not deter tourists exploring the area on special adventure travels and expeditions. These subdivisions are all geographical features and include the Bransfield Strait, the Drake Passage, the Bellingshausen Sea, the Amundsen Sea, the McMurdo Sound, the Ross Sea, the Somov Sea, the Dumont D’Urville Sea, the Mawson Sea, the Tryoshnikova Gulf, the Davis Sea, the Cooperation Sea, the Cosmonauts Sea, the Riiser-Larsen Sea, the Lazarev Sea, and the Weddell Sea. It places fourth right after the Pacific ocean, Atlantic ocean, and the Indian ocean. More than 50,000 tourists experience the Southern Ocean every year. It surrounds Antarctica. The Southern Ocean is the fourth biggest (or second smallest) ocean on earth and covers only 6% of the earth’s surface. It sits at the South Pole and the southern part of the Earth. 5. 7. Interesting Southern Ocean Facts: The Southern Ocean was originally explored because of a belief in a continent that balanced the northern continents, called a Terra Australis. Southern Ocean Facts: 1-5 | Definitions of Southern Ocean 1. Southern Ocean Facts: Icebergs will be encountered in the Southern Ocean during any season, but during May to October there are also strong winds which make crossing the ocean even more dangerous. Southern Ocean Facts: Animals in the Southern Ocean. The water in the Southern Pacific Ocean freezes in winter below 65 degrees South latitude while in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, the water freezes already below 55 degrees South latitude! All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The Southern Ocean encompasses the South Pole. The Southern Ocean surrounds the Antarctica. In recent years, the primary productivity of the phytoplankton has reduced by around 15% which is a cause for alarm as the phytoplankton is the main food for krill, a keystone species of the Southern Ocean ecosystem. 8. Big iceberg fragments (huge junks of ice) drift in the water. A bit of history on the Antactic Ocean and Antarctica: The first known explorers who came in contact with the cold waters of the Southern Ocean were Bartolomeo Diaz who circumnavigated the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa in 1487 and Ferdinand Magellan who explored the Tierra del Fuego in South America in 1520. It means the waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans around the continent of Antarctica out to sixty degrees south latitude.Some people call this ocean the Antarctic Ocean.. The southernmost port in the Southern Ocean is McMurdo Station, which is an American research base, built on Antarctic land claimed by New Zealand. However, scientists believe that within the depths of the ocean floor are immense deposits of oil and natural gas, particularly along the continental margin. The Southern Ocean extends from the coast of Antarctica north to 60 degrees south latitude, which coincides with the Antarctic Treaty region and … The Southern Ocean is the only ocean that encircles a continent. According to the International Hydrographic Organization, the Southern Ocean is made up of 17 subdivisions. Roald Amundsen was the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. The total area is 20,327,000 km², and the coastline length is 17,968 km. They are the Chilean research station 'Villas Las Estrellas' and the Argentinian research station 'Esperanza Base'. The Southern Ocean is the 'newest' named ocean basin. Parts of the ocean freeze in winter, forming huge sheets of ice. It surrounds Antarctica and is the 4th largest Ocean. Here they are... these are the Essay Competition Winners 2020...Congratulations! Despite the cold temperatures, the Southern Ocean is teeming with marine animals and has one of the most diverse habitats of marine animals anywhere in the world. It’s located at the Southern Hemisphere and south of the sixty degrees of south latitude. On the coldest continent there are only research stations from various countries, but these researchers, scientists and explorers and their families work and live there only for a limited time. The southern parts of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans form the fifth ocean of the world, the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean, geologically the youngest of the oceans, was formed when Antarctica and South America moved apart, opening the Drake Passage, roughly 30 million years ago. Discover Southern Ocean animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! The Southern Ocean’s proximity to the south pole causes it to experience one of the most extreme weather conditions with the sea temperatures coming just above freezing point, ranging between negative (-) 2 degrees and 10 degrees Celsius. Location: Where is the Southern Ocean? The total volume of this ocean stands at 292,131,000 cubic kilometers. Other marine mammals of the Southern Ocean are orcas, the Antarctic fur seals, Weddell seals and leopard seals. The waters of the Southern Ocean are distinct from the waters from surrounding oceans due to the presence of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current which causes the waters of the Southern Ocean to circulate rapidly around Antarctica, a fact used by International Hydrographic Bureau in their argument for the recognition of the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean is the ocean around Antarctica.It was a new term in geography officially created in 2000. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on September 7 2017 in Environment. The biggest of the seals are the elephant seals which weigh up to 4,000kg/8,818lb. The Antarctic coastline has, however, also some few ice-free areas, even in winter. Scientists believe this drifting is caused by the spreading of the seafloor, but the validity of this theory has not yet been conclusively established. The ocean is widest at 10,000 kilometers or 6,200 miles between Australia’s Southern tip and Africa’s Southern tip. The Southern Ocean occupies the entire South Pole and encircles the continent of Antarctica. Our Diwali Facts for Kids will explain the most important Hindu festival and tell you about traditions, food and festivities. The temperatures there are very cold, between 0 degrees Celsius and -10 degrees Celsius. 16. Smaller ocean regions such as the Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of … Fun Facts about the Ocean. Recent studies conducted around Antarctica have established that ultraviolet radiation from the sun has increased in recent years and has led to the decline in the growth of phytoplankton. The ocean is also home to a variety of birds including the usual Antarctic resident, the penguin which has several species living in the Southern Ocean such as the emperor penguin, the rockhopper penguin and the king penguin. 9. Manganese nodules are the other natural resource believed to exist beneath the Southern Ocean. Other birds found in the Southern Ocean are albatross, terns, petrels, and gulls. The separation of the continents allowed the formation of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Cartographers and explorers started defining the Southern Ocean in their own terms. The biggest of the seals are the elephant seals which weigh up to 4,000kg/8,818lb. 44 Facts About the Ocean (in no particular order) Earth is mostly water. As such, it is regarded as the second-smallest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean. … Instead, the northern l… 10 Important Facts About the Arctic Ocean, Countries Located Completely in the Southern Hemisphere, The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. Southern Ocean or Antarctic Ocean [1], name sometimes given to those parts of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans that surround Antarctica S of roughly 60°S. Southern Ocean Facts: Did you know that several big yacht races are held also in the Southern Ocean, among the most well-known are the Volvo Ocean Race and the Global Challenge? The Southern Ocean is somewhere in the range of 4,000 m and 4,800 m or 12,000 ft and 14,000 ft in depth with some in-depth channels. Was sighted South of 60 degrees South latitude waters surround Antarctica and is the 'newest named. 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