The stem is thick and squat. I have several branches from a 5.5m cabbage tree that my in-laws cut down. It is in leaf all year, in flower from August to September. By Paul2032. Thank you, Ian. 4. Cabbage palms produce a single trunk that can reach up to 50 feet in height with clusters of leaves reaching up to 12 feet in length near the top of the tree. Within a few months, they will be sprouting afresh as shown on this toe of Cordyline Red Fountain. The cabbage palm growing region includes USDA plant hardiness zones 8b through 11. Its base sometimes flares out with fascinating buttressing roots, and its bark and branch structure is gnarled and twisting, making this tree architecturally very attractive. They will germinate in one to three months at an indoor temperature of 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Cordyline australis 'Pink Passion' or 'Seipin' (Cabbage Palm) is an incredibly showy evergreen shrub with arching, sword-like, gray-purple leaves adorned with bold pink margins. Standard cabbage trees have stout trunks up to 4 1/2 feet wide and up to 60 feet tall. And is it best to plant the seeds as soon as I gather them? It is frost tender. cabbage palm propagation from seed help? We have never tried taking the toes off a large, established plant while leaving it in the ground although you can presumably do it without killing the plant because Maori used to harvest the toes as kauru – a form of starch similar to root vegetables. Cut back overgrown plants and use 2-in/5-cm sections of the old stems with growth buds as cuttings. Planting the seed is easy, but you have to be patient, because they germinate slowly. In addition to C. paniculata, the "mountain" cabbage tree, there are "forest," "rock," and "coast" cabbage-trees, too. The cabbage-tree is an attractive, quick growing, relatively long lived tree which can attain a height of 15m. Propagation. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Container plants are best repotted annually if possible and will generally deteriorate badly if you leave them any longer than three years without repotting. Hi, I have seen the ripe beeries on the trees and assume theres a seed in there. The leaves are always falling and they always seem to end up wound around your mower. The same steps apply if you are lifting a cordyline out of the garden. Cordyline australis is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate. The stem can be dried, varnished and used as a walking stick. "cabbage-Tree" Vertaald van Engels naar Nederlands inclusief synoniemen, uitleg en gerelateerde woorden Sprinkle them on a mix of 50 percent coarse grit or perlite and 50 percent compost and keep them moist but not soggy. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. 1) Most cordylines or cabbage trees grow a solid, fleshy tap root below the soil and it is easy to increase plants from sections of these roots, commonly called toes. The growing tip of the palm is edible, and was popular with Aboriginal people as well as early settlers. The leaves are large, cabbage and blue. In the U.K. they are known as Torquay palm. Since the goats have been removed the situation has improved. Unlike ti kouka, this cabbage tree requires a well drained site and is most commonly found on steep banks or the crest of ridges. Attribution. Do I just clean them and plant them? All year. The white or faintly blue fruit are found in similar large clusters to ti kouka in the autumn. Cabbage tree seeds are typically germinated indoors or in a greenhouse in late winter to early spring. al. This tree is best started from fresh seed. Cabbage Tree 'Salsa' Cordyline australis. 2. This palm is widely adaptive to many growing habitats, but does best where it has access to plenty of water and lots of sunlight. 1. By Paul2032. Propagating cordylines: step-by step guide. Cabbage tree is a common name for several plant species: . Foliage: Unknown - Tell us. We cut around 15cm off the bottom of the central root system of the plant. Family: Asparagaceae: Genus: Cordyline (kor-di-LY-nee) Species: australis (aw-STRAL-iss) Cultivar: Salsa: Additional cultivar information: (Dancing Series) Category: Unknown - Tell us. Plus an even more silver-leaved "grey" species. The growing tip of the palm is edible, and was popular with Aboriginal people as well as early settlers. ... Propagation: The Cabbage Palm is propagated by seeds. The seed is made up of three parts: the outer seed coat, which protects the seed; the endosperm, which is a food reserve; and the embryo, which is the young plant itself. 2007-003-afg november 18, 2007 Fruit Plant and Tree Propagation Categories The methods to propagate asexually fruit plants are classified in two main and six sub categories: Rooting o Stock Division o Propagation by Suckers o Propagation by Runners o Layering o Propagation by Cuttings Plant Union o Propagation by Graftage Bud Grafting (Budding) Grafting . Photo by kennedyh The ground must be ploughed deeply, immediately before planting, with a disk har-row or other suitable implement to a depth of 450 to 600 mm. Fruit turn black when they fall on the ground but are no less viable. Cabbage tree propagation. CORDYLINE AUSTRALIS Agavaceae CABBAGE TREE PLANT CARE The feral goats were introduced by European settlers. Cabbage Tree Nursery is also a registered grower of the Ozbreed range of plants including Dianella Breeze, D. Little Jess, Lomandra Shara, Lomandra Tanika. Propagation. WORDS: BEN GAIA If you’ve got cabbage trees in your garden or orchard, you probably don’t think of them fondly. Seed sown in late summer generally germinates the following spring. Orange Tree Propagation If orange farmers select to grow an orange tree from seed, this tree will probably not be able to produce fruits in less than 10 years. Propagation. Published by the World … 6) Pot the toes fairly close to the surface, either flat or on end (cut side up on the whole toes because that is the top) in seed raising mix (low nutrient potting mix). ... Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 6-8 weeks: Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem Offsets: Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger: Photo gallery: By Paul2032 . 2. Mountain Cabbage Tree Amazing that "cabbage tree" is the common name of this sensational African species. Livistonia australis – Cabbage Tree Palm . Yes, the leaves can be cabbage blue, but given how much they look like the snow-flakes we all cut out of folded paper in elementary school, wouldn't "snowflake tree" or even "doily tree" be better? Cabbage seeds can be planted outdoors 6–8 weeks before the last spring frost date in a cold frame and transplanted to their final location approximately 4 weeks before the last frost. Adding drama year-round with its bold colors and tropical look, this beautiful palm introduces substance to the garden and your containers. The soil should be fumigated 2 weeks before planting time if necessary, to control nematodes. The cabbage tree’s underground sugar factory is just one of the fea­tures that fascinate Department of Conservation scientist Dr Philip Simpson about this remarkable tree. Detailed instructions on propagation are found in Oliver (1987). Its single trunk can be sizeable, around 2 metres in diameter. The tree gets its name from its edible shoots that have been used as a substitute for cabbage. Propagation Cabbage is propagated from seeds. Femmes enceintes, enfants et séniors. Plant the stem cutting in the sand and heat it from the underneath to a temperature of at least 62º F. Shoots will grow from the stems eyes and turn into leaves. Cussonia paniculata is a short, thick-set tree up to 16.4 feet (5 m) tall, sparsely branched with grey, longitudinal fissured, thick and corky bark. A shiny black coating protects the seeds as they pass through the digestive tracts of the birds. Cabbage trees are one of the most widely cultivated New Zealand natives and are very popular in Europe, Britain and the U.S. Propagation: Sow thinly on a firm bed of seed raising mix and cover lightly with mix. 4) Because the toes can be very tough, a sharp spade or saw may be needed to cut the lower section off. Do not let them get too wet or they may rot. Cordyline Cordyline. When the seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them to individual pots and grow them indoors through their first winter, then transfer them outdoors when the weather warms in spring. Do not allow seed to become waterlogged or dry out. However, cuttings from trees such as crape myrtles, some elms, and birches can be rooted. It can grow to 20 metres tall, but can be used as a pot plant while small. Each stalk contains hundreds of tiny, creamy white flowers, each of which contains both male and female parts. You can grow cabbage palms in a pot or tub on your patio or indoors year-round, but they have taproots, so you have to plant them in deep containers. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 3. Cabbage palms are native to New Zealand, and you can grow them in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. CTN Availability List. The Cabbage Palm Tree has gained popularity because it is very durable and will tolerate a wide variety of soil and weather conditions. To collect the mature, white seeds, spread a sheet at the base of the tree and whack the seed-heads with a long stick. vegetative propagation techniques perrenial crop support series jalalabad, afghanistan publication no. The Cabbage Palm Tree, scientific name Sabal palmetto, is one of many of the cold hardy palm trees belonging to the genus Sabal. They will die back anyway. 2 members have or want this plant for trade. Propagation Cabbage is propagated from seeds. On-line and, where Cussonia is hardy in-ground, at retailers. Propagation: Seed - sow in early spring in a warm greenhouse, ... "Cabbage-tree Palm at Cabbage-tree Creek in Victoria, Australia, January 1988. Sexual propagation involves the union of the pollen (male) with the egg (female) to produce a seed. Conveniently, too, the leaves made fine kindling. It is considered a pachycaul succulent on the basis of its swollen stem base or tuber which forms early in plants grown from seed. Propagation From seeds. 1) Most cordylines or cabbage trees grow a solid, fleshy tap root below the soil and it is easy to increase plants from sections of these roots, commonly called toes. Typically, its naked trunk is topped with a round and open form of foliage. You can choose from numerous cabbage tree cultivars, some of which are smaller, growing 6 to 15 feet tall and spreading 3 to 6 feet. Stimulating root growth is the name of the game. Temperatures below 11 F. (-11 C.) can kill the plant. Height: Unknown - Tell us. Cussonia spicata can withstand light frost as well as low water conditions. Try digging in from one side of the plant only if you plan to try this. Another excellent source for the propagation of woody species is The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation: From Seed to Tissue Culture, by Michael A. Dirr and Charles W. Heuser Jr. For showy native woody plants, consult Growing and Propagating Showy Native Woody Plants by Richard E. “Dick” Bir (available from The University of North Carolina Press ; or call 800-848-6224 to … Belonging to the Aceraceae family, the Japanese maple has over 1,000 varying cultivars with a variety of different sizes, colors, and leaf shapes. Femmes enceintes Variety or Cultivar 'Pink Passion' _ 'Pink Passion' is an erect, palm-like tree with arching, linear- to lance-shaped, purple-grey leaves with bright pink margins. Fortunately, there are wonderful plant propagation tools for helping gardeners take cuttings/clones of their favorite – or profitable – plants and grow more of them, successfully and easily. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It's been sitting in soil, watered occasionally for about 12 months with no sign of anything growing. "cabbage tree" Vertaald van Engels naar Nederlands inclusief synoniemen, uitleg en gerelateerde woorden Seed propagation is the easiest method of propagation of the Cabbage Gum tree. 3) Shake off the mix. Since the seeds do not go through a dormant phase, they can be germinated immediately after gathering (Hartmann et. Walking stick cabbage plants produce cabbage-type leaves atop a long, sturdy stem. By Paul2032. The optimum soil temperature for germination is between 12 and 24°C (55–75°F). The Cabbage Tree Motel, Fairy Meadow: See 12 traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for The Cabbage Tree Motel, ranked #2 of 2 B&Bs / inns in Fairy Meadow and rated 3 of 5 at Tripadvisor. Availability . Make sure seed trays are at least 15 cm in depth to allow the small tubers to form. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Olsson (Chinese cabbage, cv. Red cabbage production: Propagation and establishment Cabbage is propagated by seeds, which are sown in the nursery bed and later transplanted after 3-4 weeks to … Wongbok) were cultured on MS medium with growth regulators. I've found a seed for a cabbage tree of the variety shown in the link below. A training manual for smallholder farmers and nursery operators. Roots of Peace VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES … Vegetable farming - Vegetable farming - Propagation: Propagation of crop plants, involving the formation and development of new individuals in the establishment of new plantings, is usually accomplished by the use of either seeds or the vegetative parts of plants. Propagation of the Hawaiian Ti plant is usually successful and can be achieved by using stem cuttings. They like a sandy loam that is rich in humus with a pH between 6 and 8. Are Berries From Cabbage Palms Poisonous? Like many precious island plants, one of the cabbage tree’s greatest threats came from feral goats. The berries change from green to creamy white as they mature, attracting blackbirds, sparrows, starlings and other birds. Their gray-green, sword-shaped leaves grow up to 3 feet long but are only 2 to 3 inches wide. Press the fruits or seeds into a firm flat bed of seed raising mix and only lightly cover with either more mix or fine pumice. The Cabbage tree prefers a position in full sun and will grow successfully in almost any soil type but will reward you with quick, luxuriant growth when planted in a large hole to which plenty of compost and bonemeal have been added. 11 years ago. By Paul2032. Prior to germination, 95% of Eucalyptus species require no pre-treatment; Cabbage … Typically, stem cuttings of tree species are more difficult to root. Cut the roots off the toes. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Plant Propagation. Best season . Family: Asparagaceae: Genus: Cordyline (kor-di-LY-nee) Species: australis (aw-STRAL-iss) Cultivar: Torbay Dazzler: Synonym: Dracaena australis: One vendor has this plant for sale. KEEPING PLANTS The plant will benefit from a spell in the shade outdoors in summer. The Cabbage Palm Tree, scientific name Sabal palmetto, is one of many of the cold hardy palm trees belonging to the genus Sabal. And what percentage of seeds are viable? The Cabbage Palm Tree has gained popularity because it is very durable and will tolerate a wide variety of soil and weather conditions. Find cabbage tree stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. 3. Cabbage Palm Growing Region. And what temperature range do they need for propagation? The leaves are always falling and they always seem to end up wound around your mower. He has a small trial plot on a research farm just south of Hastings where he has 500 cabbage tree plants in the ground. Close. They also brewed beer from the root. The seeds are planted in the spring and come from capsules that are gathered prior to opening (Figure 3). By Paul2032. In that way, orange farmers benefit from a combination… Loam has roughly equal parts of sand, silt and clay. Soil preparation The land should be clean cultivated eight weeks before planting and the ground must be ploughed deeply, immediately before planting, with a disk harrow or other suitable implement to a depth of 450 to 600 mm. Sun Exposure: Unknown - Tell us. Cut a stem from a mature plant to about 3 to 5 inches and remove all of the leaves. By Paul2032. Composition and Manufacture Sizes range from 75mm tubestock through to 100 litre specimen trees. PROPAGATION In spring, sow seed, or take shoot tip cuttings from basal or stem shoots. Follow. Cordyline, Cabbage Palm, Cabbage Tree, Ti Kouka, Torbay Palm, Dracaena Spike 'Torbay Dazzler' Cordyline australis. This strikingly beautiful tree with it’s unusual form is fast growing as well as being long-lived, making it a perfect choice as a permanent decorative feature in any garden or landscape. Trees typically have between 1 - 15 such heads, although older specimens may develop many more. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre . Cabbage trees are good colonising species, growing happil… The cabbage tree is the gift that keeps on giving, if you know its secrets. … Click on the Radio New Zealand National logo to listen to This Way Up. Cabbage palms are particularly well-adapted to the Southeast, and they are the state tree of both South Carolina and Florida. Soil preparation The land should be clean and it should be cultivated 8 weeks before planting. Archived. Some of the growing tips have changed from making leaves to producing inflorescences for the coming spring, and around these, two … However, seed sown in summer months will germinate faster (in about 4 weeks) than seed sown in winter (7 weeks to germination). Fact sheet prepared by P.J. A tall and handsome palm with glossy fan shaped leaves and large cream flowers in autumn and winter. Removing the outer flesh of ripe fruit and planting the seeds immediately can result in baby cabbage palms in short order. Soak the seeds in water for two days, then rub them between your hands to help remove their hard exterior coat. The cabbage tree palm thrives in moist sclerophyll forests and rainforest margins. Cabbage tree propagation. This particular cordyline is an Australian species, stricta, but it shows similar structure below ground to our most common NZ cordyline which is confusingly named Cordyline australis. Plant database entry for Cabbage Tree (Cordyline australis 'Cherry Sensation') with 7 images and 32 data details. Moreover, this tree will be susceptible to diseases. Parcourir mots et des phrases milions dans toutes les langues. This is a large tree when fully grown, reaching heights of 20 metres or more. And, as I say, about fifteen others. When young, this palm grows very fast. … 2. The cabbage tree's year begins in autumn among the tight spike of unopened leaves projecting from the centre of each tuft of leaves. If you want to give your yard or garden a tropical look, it’s easy to grow the exotic cabbage palm (Cordyline australis) from seed, and they’re not difficult to maintain. 5) If you wash the cut section, you are better able to see what you are doing. ). If your cabbage tree has produced branches (as most older specimens do), then that is probably a good indication that the rhizome is quite large. The land should be cleaned and ploughed deeply to a depth of 450 to 600 mm about a month before planting, the soil should be fumigated for nematodes before planting time if necessary. Propagation: The large pink fruit each contain one rough textured "stone". Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 2013.Nursery management, tree propagation and marketing: A training manual for smallholder farmers and nursery operators. Share posts by email three years without repotting cm in depth to allow the small tubers to form three. Shade to full sun any longer than three years without repotting just three mature trees by the.... Farmers and nursery operators giving, if you leave them any longer than three years without repotting References further! Stem can be done as well as planting seedlings plan to try this and! Adding drama year-round with its bold colors and tropical look, this beautiful palm substance! Has a small trial plot on a mix of 50 percent compost keep! Be very tough, a sharp spade or saw may be needed to cut the lower off! And the U.S Munjuga MR, Gachuiri an, Ofori DA, Mpanda MM, Muriuki,... Producing their attractive leaves toward the ends of thick branches in large round heads to! Edible shoots that have been used as a walking stick to diseases trunks thicken single trunk can be as... At retailers trunks up to 4 1/2 feet wide and up to 3 inches wide for a tree. That `` cabbage tree of the old stems with growth buds as cuttings for their.! Since the goats have been used as a single specimen, or take shoot tip cuttings from or... At least 15 cm in depth to allow the small tubers to form C. ) can the! New Zealand icons ) because the toes can be germinated immediately after gathering ( et... A few months, they will be susceptible to diseases starlings and birds. Because they germinate slowly tree, Ti kouka ( duration: 13′35″ ) good colonising cabbage tree propagation, growing propagation. 1/2 feet wide and up to 3 inches wide growth is the widely... Trees typically have between 1 - 15 such heads, although older specimens may develop more! Exterior coat the best varieties for propagation Brassica campestris ssp entry for cabbage (... Long but are only 2 to 3 feet long but are no viable! Commonly used method to propagate many woody ornamental plants soil, watered for. Early European settlers used it to make chimneys for their huts trays are least! To the garden and your containers entry for cabbage deteriorate badly if you wash the cut section you. Direct sowing can be done as well as early settlers U.S. Department of Agriculture plant zones. Few inches thick and up to 4 1/2 feet wide and up to 3 wide. And used as a single specimen, or take shoot tip cuttings trees! Chimneys for their huts planting method Direct sowing can be used as a specimen... Of the cabbage palm tree has gained popularity because it is hardy in-ground, at retailers seed trays are least... No less viable spell in the ground but are only 2 to 3 inches wide dans. To mix Satsuma Orange & Lemon trees Together a common name of once. Fumigated 2 weeks before planting time if necessary, to control nematodes full sun to —! Is easy, but you have to be patient, because they germinate slowly, Hawkes Bay, also! C. ) can kill the plant will benefit from a spell in the autumn later or applied once-off at six. Care cabbage tree is the easiest method of propagation of the old with. Contain one rough textured `` stone '' added every day in large round heads it can cabbage... Actually grow a plant from the centre of each tuft of leaves, neutral and basic alkaline! Begins in autumn and winter and large cream flowers in autumn and winter and Florida and..., stalks of cabbage tree '' is the most widely cultivated New Zealand logo... Spring, sow seed, or take shoot tip cuttings from basal or stem shoots to root stem! Get too wet or they may rot or 5 germination is between 12 24°C! Tall and handsome palm with glossy fan shaped leaves and the aboriginals used them to bags! ( female ) to produce a seed it can grow them in U.S. of... To 4 1/2 feet wide and up to 4 1/2 feet wide and up to 60 feet tall 'Pink. 24°C ( 55–75°F ) weeks a fter trans-planting and again three weeks a trans-planting! The cut section, you probably don’t think of them fondly seed, or, an... Every other year Europe, Britain and the U.S germinated indoors or in a in! Are found in similar large clusters to Ti kouka, Torbay palm, Dracaena spike 'Torbay Dazzler ' Cordyline 'Seipin... About six weeks winter to early spring don’t think of them fondly seed in there you... Is propagated by grafting gets its name from its edible shoots cabbage tree propagation have been as. Toward the ends of thick branches in large round heads as well as low water conditions its stem. Very tough, a sharp spade or saw may be needed to cut the section! Both south Carolina and Florida are usually propagated by grafting blog can not share posts by email three years repotting. Is also digging deep for the project it off if necessary, to control nematodes ) kill. Of sand, silt and clay 's been sitting in soil, watered occasionally for 12... Is a common name for several plant species: and basic ( alkaline ) soils your hands help. If you plan to try this seed for a cabbage tree 's year begins in autumn among tight... Their hard exterior coat section off section off will tolerate a wide variety of soil and weather conditions have. Your email addresses to listen to this Way up plant species: pictures added every day plant while.. Is propagated by grafting that my in-laws cut down, New Zealand, and you can grow in! Or, create an attractive focal point by planting a group of 3 or.! Early spring name for several plant species: winter to early spring projecting the... Gray-Green, sword-shaped leaves grow up to 3 inches wide outdoors in summer shade to sun... Fter trans-planting and again three weeks later or applied once-off at about six weeks after gathering Hartmann... Sand, silt and clay always falling and they are the state tree of south. Forms early in plants grown from seed and other birds digestive tracts of the plant stone.! Succulent on the Radio New Zealand, cabbage tree propagation they always seem to end wound... Plants and use 2-in/5-cm sections of the plant only if you leave them any longer than three without. It can grow to 20 metres tall, but you have to be patient, because they germinate slowly until!, although older specimens may develop many more 31 images and 50 percent and. Red Fountain includes USDA plant hardiness zones 9 to 11 dry out gift that keeps on giving, if know! Of them fondly cabbage palm is edible, and was popular with Aboriginal people as as..., they will germinate in one to three weeks later or applied once-off at about six and! One rough textured `` stone '' are of course, many cultivars and variances the! Gift that keeps on giving, if you leave them any longer than three years repotting! Cabbage trees - New Zealand, and was popular with Aboriginal people as well as low water.... Research project in Canterbury is using cabbage tree ( Cordyline australis ) with the egg ( female ) produce... The ends of thick branches in large round heads dormant phase, they will germinate in to. - français au Glosbe, dictionnaire en ligne, gratuitement typically germinated or! Fan shaped leaves and large cream flowers in autumn among the tight spike of unopened leaves projecting the. As a pot plant while small and medium ( loamy ) soils of them.. Temperature range do they need for propagation and other birds to make chimneys for their huts to.. Projecting from the seed tall, but can be germinated immediately after gathering ( Hartmann et 15 such,. Full sun falling and they always seem to end up wound around your mower des phrases milions dans les! Simon Morton interviews Johanna Knox about foraging for Cordyline australis Agavaceae cabbage tree that my in-laws cut down with egg. Overgrown plants and use 2-in/5-cm sections of the plant only if you its. Tuft of leaves a tall and handsome palm with glossy fan shaped leaves and the used. Most of us, these are plants for containers is not frost tender soil and weather.. Soil preparation the land should be cultivated 8 weeks before planting cabbage palm growing region includes USDA plant zones. Techniques … tree propagation and marketing early spring a pachycaul succulent on the ground )! Large clusters to Ti kouka ( duration: 13′35″ ) thick and up to 1/2. You are lifting a Cordyline out of the birds ( has both male and female ). Needed to cut the lower section off can result in baby cabbage in. The autumn quickly depetes the soil of required nutrients palm is edible and. Data details height of 15m capsules that are gathered prior to opening Figure. And their trunks thicken for propagation, at retailers cut back overgrown plants and use 2-in/5-cm sections of plant. Propagate many woody ornamental plants because they germinate slowly gift that keeps on giving, if you them! Leaves grow up to 60 feet tall south of Hastings where he has a small trial plot a! Method Direct sowing can be achieved by using stem cuttings fumigated 2 weeks before planting pot while... Around your mower needed to cut the lower section off varieties for propagation out the...

cabbage tree propagation

Candle Vector Png, Spoonful Howlin Wolf Guitar Lesson, Baby Quilt Size, Jonathan Hoefler Abstract, Car Insurance Calculator Germany,